Scientists have found a planet 117 million lakes: the Most unique among them is multi-colored, salty and deadly
The total length of the banks of water bodies on the planet is 250 times greater than the length of the equator.
Estonian and Swedish scientists conducted a study, which was conducted counting all the lakes on Earth. According to a press release from Uppsala University, led the research group of Professor Limnological Institute Lars Sund. He and his colleagues developed a method to automatically find satellite images of all lakes with an area of at least 0.2 ha (about a quarter of the area of a football field).
According to the data obtained on Earth were found about 117 million lakes, covering almost 4% of the surface of the earth’s surface, the subglacial lake in Greenland and Antarctica was not taken into account.
It is noted that the total length of the banks of water bodies 250 times greater than the length of the equator.
The study was conducted in the framework of the project “Color of water”, which examines changes in the composition of organic substances contained in the water.
On the planet there is a considerable number of unique characteristics of the lakes.
So, for example, there are lakes, deadly to all living things, including humans. For example, the lake Continue reading
Lake Baikal is unique in all the characteristics of a mountain lake. It is located in the center of Eurasia, in Siberia, on the border of Irkutsk region and Buryatia. Larger than some European countries. The length from North to South is 636 km From West to East to 81 km.
The lake basin shape falls into the river. It is considered that Baikal is nourished by 336 rivers. However, a number of small streams reaches one thousand, and each of them contributes to the filling of the lake. Flows out of Grand lake only one Hangar. Each year the Hangar comes out of the lake about 60 cubic kilometers of water, feeding and supplying clean drinking water to nearby cities.
From space Baikal resembles a blue Crescent. And in it is another. This is Olkhon island, the largest and only inhabited island of lake Baikal, in the shape of the lake. All in all, the Baikal there are 30 Islands, many of which have unique vegetation, therefore here should go and relax in the recreation Chara .
Baikal is probably the oldest of the existing lakes on Earth. According to various sources his age is from 10 thousand to 25 million years. However, the process of crust formation in these regions is not yet over. And daily local seismographs celebrate underground and underwater tremors. This means that the terrain continues to change.
Lakes is a true visiting card of the Republic. Only relatively large lakes – more than 60 thousand, but the exact number of lakes along with forest Lambada (the so-called Karelia in small forest lakes) is almost impossible to calculate. But the statistics are impressive – the total area of lakes of Karelia — about 18 thousand square kilometers. According to experts, 25% of the area of Karelia occupied by the lake – from giant to tiny reservoirs of lambesc.
Large lakes of the Republic of Onega and Ladoga.
Lake Onega (Onega) – it also informally called Onega sea – is located in the southeastern part of the Republic. On the shores of lake Onega are located in the city of Petrozavodsk, Kondopoga, Medvezhyegorsk. The lake is fed by about 50 rivers, and flows only one — the Svir river.
The lake area without the Islands is from 9.7 thousand square km (without Islands); the volume of water mass is 285 cubic meters; the length from North to South — 245 km, maximum width — to 91.6 km, Average depth is 30 m and the maximum is 127 m. the Height above sea level of 33 m. the length of the coastline on the mainland 1542 km, with Islands — 2699 km
Lake Ladoga (Ladoga; the historical name is nebo) is the largest freshwater lake in Europe. On the shores of lake Ladoga are of Sortavala. Continue reading