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West lake (West Lake, Hangzhou, China)

It is located West of the historic center of Hangzhou; laid on him the dam and the island of Gushan divide it into five parts. In addition to naturally occurring Islands in Gushan si hoo are three man-made Islands – Seonjo, Hosington and Goingunder.

West lake (Xi Hu, ‘Western lake’) lake in downtown Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China.

Generally speaking, around the world a few dozen bodies of water named ‘West lake’; however, in cases where in the context of not further specified, what is the lake in question, the most likely option is the most famous is the West lake. It is located West of the historic center of Hangzhou; laid on him the dam and the island of Gushan divide it into five parts. In addition to naturally occurring Islands in Gushan si hoo are three man-made Islands – Seonjo, Hosington and Goingunder. On three sides the lake is surrounded by mountains; its length of coast is about fifteen kilometers, the average depth is approximately 2.27 meters.

West Lake is depicted on the reverse of the notes in one yuan.

The history of the West is rooted in centuries; should, however, be noted that the main dawn of Hangzhou as a tourist center occurred after the formation of the PRC. The lake surroundings were significantly improved – mountain region was taken under protection of the authorities, and around the lake planted a lot of trees. The lake was dredged and cleaned. Authorities today pay great attention to the control of environmental situation in the region; thanks to them around the lake you can see many different types of traditional Chinese plants and animals.

At the moment the lake is one of the most popular attractions of the country. West lake is known not only for the surrounding natural beauty, but also a deep connection to the history of China – many great scientists, heroes and revolutionaries of antiquity were in varying degrees connected with West lake. Many ancient buildings, stone caves and engraved plates around the lake are considered to be an important part of the cultural heritage of the country.

Visiting these places tourists usually prefer to admire the so-called ‘Ten views of West lake’ – landscapes from ten different points. Each of these points has its own name of four characters marked with a stone stele. Ten Species, however, are not exclusively geographical concepts – as can be seen from their names, each one most perfectly at a certain time and under certain conditions. The Types include ‘spring sunset on the dike su Changzhou’, ‘summer view of the Curved Yard and Lotus Pool’, ‘autumn view of the moon over the peaceful lake’, ‘the remains of the snow on the bridge in winter’, ‘view Leifeng pagoda at sunset’, ‘two peaks piercing the clouds’, ‘Orioles singing in the willows’, ‘view fish at flower pond’, ‘three ponds mirroring the moon’ and ‘the evening bell ringing on the hill Nanping’.

‘zero is considered to be the incarnation of XI Shi, one of the legendary Four Beauties. According to legend, XI Shi was so beautiful that just looking at it the fish forgot how to swim. Since ancient times, the lake has attracted many of the romantic poets, scholars and heroes. Lived and worked here philosopher of the age of Jin GE Hong, poets of the Tang dynasty Lo Binan, Bai Juyi and su Changzhou; the last two even became the governors of Hangzhou and was honored to give his name to one of the dams in the lake. Su Changzhou also known as the inventor of a special recipe of pork; this pork is another signature landmark of Hangzhou. Close to the lake is the tomb of the national hero of the Qing dynasty of sung Yue FEI. Legendary writer of the Ming dynasty Zhang Dai paid West Lake a long time; he wrote several essays and even a book about West lake. It is also known that the lake Kunminghu on the lands of the Beijing Summer Palace and the pond in the centre of Tokyo Park Kusiba-Rikyu were created under the influence of the image of the West Lake.