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General geographic data about Finland

 

Where is Finland? Finland is a Nordic country, which has a common border with Norway 727 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia – 1269 km away and Has a Maritime border with Estonia, passing through Finnish and Bothnian gulfs of the Baltic sea that gives the country access to the World ocean.The bays are tamerselim that adversely affects navigation in the winter. In the Finnish coastal area is about 81000 Islands. The state covers an area of 338 thousand sq. km length of coastline of about 1100 km. the size of the country from North to South is 1160 km, while from West to East 540 km With about 25% of the territory is above the Arctic circle.

The geological structure of Finland can be divided into several areas. Along the shores of the two gulfs of the Baltic coast are the coastal lowlands. Along their shores there are several thousand rocky Islands. The archipelago of Turku and Aland Islands are the main archipelagoes.

On the South West coast is the archipelago sea, is unique, where there are a huge number of various-sized Islands. In the southern part of the country is a large plateau, with a huge number of marshes, lakes and swamps. Here grow dense virgin forest. A large part of Northern Finland is located beyond the Arctic circle (Lapland ). Here a small hill smenyayutsya rocky mountains.

In the West Lapland is the best preserved Halti is the highest point of the country, 1328 m above sea level. Finland lies in the temperate climatic zone, due to the warm currents of the Atlantic ocean. After all, to the East, on the same latitude, much colder. The summer is cool and wet average July temperature is +140C in the North and +S in the South. Winter is cold and snowy, the average temperature of January respectively -and 140C –60C.

There are 190 thousand lakes, so the name “land of a thousand lakes” doesn’t fit it’s more of a “country of hundreds of thousands of lakes”. Many lakes are interconnected with canals and create a complex hydrological system. The largest lakes are located in the center of Finland on Lake plateau. The largest lake is Saimaa, is located in the South-East of the country.

In Finland there are about 2000 rivers. They have short length, connecting the lake, or flow from lakes to the sea. Largest – Kemijoki, Tornionjoki, Oulu.

A large part of Finland is covered by forest. Main tree species – spruce and pine. Of broadleaved trees in the South West – oak, Linden, ash. In the North of the Arctic circle dominated tundra.